How to test an electric fence

electric fence house

Electrical fences used to check the advancement of people or cattle beyond a boundary. Electric fencing
takes less time, less effort, and less cost than the traditional non-electric fencing. Appropriate
permission has to be received as it is illegal in most of the areas.

Use the dedicated electric fence voltmeterelectric fence voltmeter

After the installation of an electric fence, it is usual to test the fence wires. There is a dedicated electric
fence voltmeter available for testing. This is the most reliable and easiest tool for this job. Handheld
metres are also available. A non-contact voltmeter used to check whether the fence is on or off. Please
beware of the power of electric fence as they are extremely dangerous.

Step by step process to test an electric fence

Be near the fence and away from the charger
You will find a charger that provides electricity to the fence. The first step is to move to the section of
the fence far from the charger. Now you have to check the voltage from where you are and ensure that
proper voltage is provided to the fence. Going through the owners manual will help a lot. It is important
because depending on the type of animals the electric fence voltages change, that ranges from 2000 to
10,000 volts.

Find the ground wire

At times, you can find two or more wires. This means that one wire is a ground wire. You can use the
owners manual to identify which one is the ground wire. Please place your hand is on the plastic or
rubber section and not on the metal. There are other types of electric fences that ground directly into
the earth instead of using a ground wire.
When the situation creates a dilemma it's better to contact the manufacturer or an electrician so that
you can identify the ground wire properly. Ensuring the proper use of ground wire will prevent electric
fence malfunctions. I suppose you do not find two wires, you can skip this step in the process of
checking an electric fence.

When there is no ground wire

You can use the metres probe into the soil if there is no ground wire. You have to dip the metal of the
probe some centimetres deep into the soil in the absence of ground wire. Please make sure that you are
not touching the metal tip with your fingers. Most of the single-wire fences will ground directly into the
soil but some multi-wire fences will also lack a grounding wire.

The actual step for testing electric fence

fence elecric

Now you have to make touch the probe on the tester. It should touch in such a way that the probe still
touching the ground wire or stuck in the soil. Now touch the metal probe on the tester on the charged
wires. You can see the voltage reading in the digital readout.
Compare the reading with the recommended voltage that is required for your fence model. It is
recommended to test the voltage of electric fence one by one. If the reading is above or below the
recommended voltage then there is a problem with the electric fence. You should either service or
replace it.

Repetition for confirmation

This test has to be repeated for every 100 feet closer to the charger. Whenever you get a low voltage
result, you have to repeat the test closer to the charger and this can help to find out where the problem
is. It is not recommended to test the voltage in just one place. Repetition will help us to confirm the
comprehensive result.

Testing electric fence is hazardous. Reading the owners manual or doing this activity with the help of a
professional is always recommended.